10. tbl. 101. árg. 2015

Human Primordial Germ Cell Specification – Breakthrough In Culture and Hopes for Therapeutic Utilization

Kímfrumur manna. Framfarir í frumurækt og vonir um meðferðarúrræði

Germ cells are the precursors to the gametes that carry genetic and epigenetic information between human generations and generate a new individual. Because germ cells are specified early during embryogenesis, at the time of embryo implantation, they are inaccessible for research. Our understanding of their biology has therefore developed slowly since their identification over one hundred years ago. As a result of research into the properties of human and mouse embryonic stem cells and primordial germ cells, scientists have now succeeded in efficiently generating human primordial germ cells in culture by embryonic stem cell and induced pluripotent stem cell culture. In this review we will discuss the state of our knowledge of human primordial germ cells and how research into the pluripotent properties of human and mouse embryonic germ cells has led to this breakthrough. In addition we will discuss the possible utilization of a cell culture system of human primordial germ cells for research into and treatment of germ cell related abnormalities.

Figure 1.

Þetta vefsvæði byggir á Eplica